How to Lay Turf
The key to creating a perfect lawn is to ensure the area is prepared well and the turf is laid correctly. For your grass to thrive it must have a healthy bed to grow on, therefore using high quality underlay, subsoil and fertiliser is a must.
For help laying your turf correctly and to make sure it stays looking its best for years to come, talk to a member of our team. Kings Pride turf growers offer turf installation and laying services and will happily give you advice on how to maintain a picture-perfect lawn all year round.
6 Step Guide to Laying Turf
Step 1: Measuring and Ordering
Using a tape measure, create a sketch of your planned lawn and record the exact measurements on it. Include the length, width, and any unusual features. Our team of professionals can easily determine the amount of instant turf you will need from your sketch. If the area is a simple rectangular shape, then all you need to do is phone the measurements through.
Please note that we are unable to accept returns of unused turf so be sure to measure your area carefully.
To ensure the best start for your turf, it must be laid on the day of delivery. This will help to give your new grass a healthy foundation, helping to increase its longevity. Therefore, only schedule your order of turf to be delivered after you have properly prepared the area.
Step 2: Soil Preparation
If you want your lawn to flourish, it is essential to prepare your soil before laying the turf. You should either use a lawn rotary hoe or dig the area evenly to a depth of 100mm to 150mm. To eliminate future drainage problems, ensure the soil is sloping away from the house or other buildings.
You should check to see if your soil requires lime with the use of a pH home test kit. If it is out of balance, apply the recommended amount of lime or agricultural sulphur to increase or decrease the pH level to neutral. For optimal results, follow this up by raking in a complete lawn-starter fertiliser.
Use your rake to smooth the soil and remove any rocks, weeds, roots or large clods. Firm the surface by tamping or rolling to reveal any low areas that may need more soil. Ensure the soil level is kept 20mm below paths, driveways etc, as this will allow for the turf to sit flush with your paths or paving. Once the soil has been fully prepared, water the area to settle the soil and provide a moist base for your turf.
Step 3: Delivery
Kings Pride growers generally deliver direct from the farm, straight to your door. Most deliver Monday to Saturday and will aim to get to you in the morning so that your turf can be laid fresh on the day of delivery. The grower will ordinarily contact you the day before to let you know when to expect your delivery.
The turf delivery drivers will drop the turf curb-side or if requested will place the turf where instructed. Deliveries to be placed inside a property boundary usually require the signing of a waiver by the property owner, should this be the case with your delivery please get signed by the property owner and return to your grower
Step 4: Installation
Turf is a living plant that needs ground contact and moisture to survive, therefore it is important to install your lawn immediately upon delivery. Protect unlaid turf by placing pallet-stacks in the shade, or lightly sprinkling with water.
To start installing your turf, begin along the longest straight line such as a driveway or path edge. Push the turf-edges and ends tightly against each other, being careful not to stretch the rolls, avoiding any gaps or overlapping. In a brick-like pattern, stagger the joins in each row and use a large knife or shears to trim any corners or overhang. Try not to leave any small strips at the outer edges as they will not retain moisture. Any turf placed on slopes should run across the slope.
Try to maintain good contact between your new grass and the soil underneath after installation. This can be done by slightly tamping edges as you water-in or using a lawn roller – not always necessary but can help present a clean and level finish from the start.
You should avoid too much trampling or traffic on your new turf until it is well established to prevent indentations or unevenness from occurring.
Step 5: Watering
Instant turf should be watered within 30 minutes of being laid. Give your new lawn at least 25mm (1″) of water, regardless of the weather.
The first 2 weeks are critical for new turf and it shouldn’t be allowed to dry out. Water your lawn daily or more often, keeping the turf moist until it is firmly rooted. (In cooler months, the establishment of new turf can take up to 2 months).
Keep your eye on the subsurface soil and how moist it is – you can lift up the turf edge for the first few days to check. Your lawn may require a lot of water in the first couple of days to fully wet-up the soil under the turf.
The new turf should be moist and not too squelchy or over-wet. Keeping your eye on the leaf will give you a good idea whether it needs additional watering or not. A broad healthy leaf is what we’re trying to maintain, so increase the water if the grass leaf looks dry or thinning out.
After the first two weeks, regular and deeper watering should take place. The amount of water needed, and the frequency of watering, will be dictated by the weather and you should pay particular attention to areas near buildings where reflected heat will dry the turf faster. Hot, dry, or windy conditions will affect the moisture of your new lawn, so more frequent watering will be necessary during these times.
Step 6: Maintenance
Your new lawn should be mowed two-three weeks days after installation and regular mowing with a rotary or cylinder type mower will be essential to keep it in the best condition.
Start on a high setting and for the first few mows simply try and take off any unevenness in the leaf-height rather than scalping into the turf-sod.
Keep your mower’s blades sharp and, as a general rule, take off no more than a third of the grass height.
For a picture-perfect lawn you should apply fertiliser on a regular basis. For best results, use small amounts at frequent intervals. For example: 1.5kg of fertiliser per 100m2 every month. Our team can advise you on the best fertiliser for your turf type and budget.
Our team of professional turf producers are here if you need any advice or assistance in caring for your lawn. With proper care, your lawn will be a great asset to your property and please contact us if you have any questions.